ʻO Grand Teton National Park, USA

Aia ma ka puʻu o North-Western Wyoming, ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Grand Teton National Park ʻo ia ka American National Park. E ʻike ʻoe ma aneʻi ʻo Teton kaulana loa ʻo ia kekahi o nā kiʻekiʻe nui ma kēia pāka ākea 310,000 eka.

Pāka Aupuni Teton Nui Pāka Aupuni Teton Nui

ʻIke ʻia ka ʻoihana mākaʻikaʻi ma USA e lawelawe i nā miliona a me nā miliona o nā malihini a me nā malihini ʻole i kēlā me kēia makahiki. Ua hoʻomaikaʻi ka huakaʻi a me ka hoʻonohonoho huakaʻi ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a hiki i ka hopena o ke kenekulia 19 ma hope o ka wikiwiki o ke kūlanakauhale. Ma ka makahiki 1850, ua hoʻomaka ʻo ʻAmelika e lawelawe i nā mea mākaʻikaʻi e hele mai ana mai ka honua holoʻokoʻa a me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i kāna hoʻoilina ponoʻī ma ke ʻano o nā mea kupanaha maoli, nā hoʻoilina hoʻoilina, nā koena o ka mōʻaukala a me nā hana leʻaleʻa hou. ʻO nā wahi i hoʻomaka ai ka ulu ʻana e kahe piha ʻo Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, New York, Washington DC a me Kapalakiko. ʻO kēia nā wahi mua i ʻike i ka hoʻololi wikiwiki ʻana i kēlā me kēia ʻano o ka huaʻōlelo. 

I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka honua e ʻike i nā mea kupanaha o ʻAmelika, ma ke ʻano o ka ʻenehana a me ka metropolitanization, ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni e mālama a mālama i nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi kaulana. Aia i loko o kēia mau wahi mākaʻikaʻi nā puʻu puʻuwai, nā paka a me nā mea nani ʻē aʻe e like me ka hāʻule, nā loko, nā ululāʻau, nā awāwa, a me nā mea hou aku. 

Aia ma ka puʻuwai o North-Western Wyoming, ka Grand Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Teton National Park ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. E ʻike ʻoe ma aneʻi ʻo Teton kaulana loa ʻo ia kekahi o nā kiʻekiʻe nui ma kēia pāka ākea 310,000 eka. Hoʻomaka ka pae ʻo Teton i 40-mile-long (64 km). Aia ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka paka ma ka inoa ʻo 'Jackson Hole' a ʻo ia hoʻi nā awāwa. 

Aia ka paka ma kahi o 10 mau mile ma ka hema o ka Yellowstone National Park kaulana loa. Hoʻopili ʻia nā paka ʻelua e ka National Park Service a mālama ʻia e John D Rockefeller Junior Memorial Parkway. Pīhoihoi paha ʻoe i ka ʻike ʻana ua lilo ka uhi holoʻokoʻa o kēia wahi i hoʻokahi o ka honua ākea a hoʻohui pū ʻia i waena o ka latitu kaiaola. Inā ʻoe e hoʻolālā nei e kaʻahele i ka USA, ʻo Grand Teton National Park kekahi o nā wahi hiki ʻole iā ʻoe ke nalo. No ka ʻike ʻana i nā mea a pau e pili ana i ka paka, e hoʻomaka ana mai kona kumu a hiki i kona hanohano i kēia manawa, e hahai i ka ʻatikala ma lalo nei a hiki i ka wahi, ua ʻike mua ʻoe i kāna mau kikoʻī a ʻaʻole pono ʻoe i kahi alakaʻi huakaʻi. Hauʻoli heʻenalu ma waena o ka paka! 

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Moʻolelo o The Grand Teton National Park, USA

Paleo-Inia Paleo-Inia

Paleo-Inia

ʻO ka lāhui mua i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ma ka Grand Teton National Park ʻo Paleo-Indians, e pili ana i ka makahiki 11 tausani. I loko o ia manawa, ʻoi aku ke anuanu o ke awāwa ʻo Jackson Hole a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka mahana Alpine kūpono. I kēia lā, ʻike ka paka i kahi ea semi-arid. Ma mua, ʻo ke ʻano o nā kānaka e hoʻopaʻa i ke awāwa ʻo Jackson Hole, he poʻe hahai holoholona lākou a ua neʻe lākou i ko lākou nohona. Ma muli o ke ʻano anuanu o ka ʻāina, inā ʻoe e kipa aku i ka paka i kēia lā e ʻike ʻoe i nā lua ahi a me nā mea hana i manaʻo ʻia no ka hopu holoholona ma kahi kokoke i kahakai o ka loko Jackson kaulana loa (ʻo ia hoʻi kahi wahi mākaʻikaʻi maʻamau no ka nani o ia mea. komo). Ua ʻike ʻia kēia mau mea hana a me nā kapuahi me ka manawa.

Mai nā mea hana i ʻike ʻia mai kēia kahua ʻeli, aia kekahi o lākou i ka Moʻomeheu Clovis a ma hope mai ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia he 11,500 mau makahiki kēia mau mea hana. Ua hana ʻia kēia mau mea hana mai kekahi ʻano kemika e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā kumu o ka Teton pass i kēia manawa. ʻOiai hiki ke loaʻa i ka poʻe Paleo-Indian ka obsidian, ʻo nā ihe i loaʻa mai ka pūnaewele e hōʻike ana iā lākou no ka Hema.

Hiki ke manaʻo pololei ʻia ʻo ke kahawai o ka neʻe ʻana no nā Paleo-Indians mai ka hema o Jackson Hole. ʻO ka mea hoihoi i ka ʻike ʻana, ʻaʻole i loli ke ʻano o ka neʻe ʻana o nā hui ʻōiwi ʻAmelika mai 11000 mau makahiki a 500 mau makahiki i hala aku nei, e hōʻike ana hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma kēia hele ʻana o ka manawa ʻaʻohe ʻano hoʻonohonoho i hoʻokumu ʻia ma nā ʻāina ʻo Jackson Hole.

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ʻIke maikaʻi ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūlanakauhale aloha ʻohana o ʻAmelika, ʻo ke kūlanakauhale ʻo San Diego e kū ana ma ka Moana Pākīpika o Kaleponi i kaulana no kona mau kahakai maikaʻi, ʻoluʻolu maikaʻi a me nā mea hoʻokipa aloha ʻohana. E aʻo hou ma Pono e ʻike i nā wahi ma San Diego, Kaleponi

ʻImi a me ka hoʻonui 

ʻO ka huakaʻi kūhelu mua ʻole i hana ʻia i ka Grand Teton National Park na Lewis lāua ʻo Clark i hala i ka ʻĀkau o ka ʻāina. ʻO ia ka manawa o ka hoʻoilo i ka wā i hala ai ʻo Colter i ka ʻāina a ʻo ia ka Caucasian mua i hehi i ka lepo o ka paka. 

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Lewis lāua ʻo Clark alakaʻi ʻo William Clark i kahi palapala ʻāina e hōʻike ana i kā lāua huakaʻi mua a hōʻike i nā huakaʻi i hana ʻia e John Colter i ka makahiki 1807. Me ka manaʻo, ua hoʻoholo ʻia kēia e Clark lāua ʻo Colter i ko lāua hui ʻana ma Saint Louis Missouri i ka makahiki 1810. 

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka huakaʻi kūhelu mua i kākoʻo ʻia e ke aupuni i hana ʻia ma Grand Teton National Park i ka makahiki 1859 a 1860 i kapa ʻia ʻo Raynolds Expedition. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia huakaʻi e ke kāpena koa ʻo William F. Raynolds a ua alakaʻi ʻia ma kona ala e Jim Bridger, he kanaka mauna. Ua hui pū ʻia ka huakaʻi ʻo F Hayden nāna i hoʻonohonoho i nā huakaʻi ʻē aʻe ma ia wahi. Ua hoʻolālā ʻia ka huakaʻi e ʻimi a makaʻala i kahi o ka ʻāina ʻo Yellowstone akā ma muli o ka nui o ka hau a me ke anuanu ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻomanawanui, pono lākou e kāpae i ka misionari no nā kumu palekana. Ma hope mai, hele ʻo Bridger i kahi alahele a alakaʻi i ka huakaʻi ma ka hema ma waena o ke ala hui e alakaʻi ana i ke kahawai ʻo Gros Ventre a haʻalele i ka ʻāina ma luna o ke ala Teton.

Ua hana ʻia ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana o ka Yellowstone National Park i ka makahiki 1872 ma ka ʻākau o ka Jackson Hole. Ma ka hopena o ke kenekulia 19, ua hoʻolālā ʻia e ka poʻe conservationists e hoʻokomo i ka laulā o Teton i loko o nā palena hiki ke hoʻonui ʻia o ka Yellowstone National Park. 

Ma hope, Ua loaʻa iā Pelekikena Franklin Roosevelt ka monument Jackson Hole National he 221,000 eka i kālai ʻia i ka makahiki 1943. Ua hoʻāla ʻia kēia kia hoʻomanaʻo i kēlā manawa no ka mea, ua kūkulu ʻia ma ka ʻāina i hāʻawi ʻia e ka hui ʻāina ʻo Snake River a uhi pū i ka waiwai i hāʻawi ʻia e ka nahele ʻo Teton National. I loko o ia manawa, hoʻāʻo mau nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e hoʻoneʻe i ka monument mai ka waiwai. 

Ma hope o ke Kaua Honua II, ua kākoʻo ka lehulehu o ka ʻāina i ka hoʻokomo ʻia ʻana o ke kia hoʻomanaʻo i ka waiwai o ka paka a ʻoiai aia nō ke kūʻē ʻana mai nā ʻaoʻao kūloko, ua hoʻohui maikaʻi ʻia ka monument i ka waiwai.

ʻO ka ʻohana o John D Rockefeller ka mea nona ka JY ranch e pili ana i ka Grand Teton National Park ma ke komohana hema. Ua koho ka ʻohana e hāʻawi i ka kuleana o kā lākou hānai holoholona i ka paka no ke kūkulu ʻana i ka ʻāina ʻo Lawrance S Rockefeller i Nowemapa 2007. Ua hoʻolaʻa ʻia kēia i ko lākou inoa ma Iune 21, 2008.

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Ka honua i uhi ʻia

Aia ma ka puʻu o ka ʻĀkau-komohana o USA, aia ka Grand Teton National Park ma Wyoming. E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma luna nei, ua pale ʻia ka ʻāpana ʻākau o ka paka e ke alanui John D. Rockefeller Jr. Memorial Park, i mālama ʻia e Grand Teton National Park. Ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o Grand Teton National Park e noho ana ke ala maikaʻi loa me ka inoa like. 

Ua ʻike paha ʻoe aia ʻo Grand Teton National Park ma kahi o 310,000 mau ʻeka? ʻOiai, ʻo ka John D. Rockefeller Jr. Memorial Parkway e holo ana i kahi kokoke i 23,700 ʻeka. Aia i loko o ka paka kekahi ʻāpana nui o ke awāwa ʻo Jackson Hole a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā puʻu mauna i ʻike ʻia mai ka pae ʻo Teton. 

Hoʻolaha ʻia ka Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem i nā wahi o ʻekolu mau mokuʻāina ʻokoʻa a lilo i hoʻokahi o nā kaiaola kaiaola waena waena i hoʻohui ʻia e hanu ana ma ka honua i kēia mau lā. 

Inā ʻoe e holo ana mai Salt Lake City, Utah, a laila ʻo kou mamao mai Grand Teton National Park he 290 mau minuke (470 km) ma ke ala a inā ʻoe e hele ana mai Denver, Colorado a laila ʻo kou mamao ma ke alanui he 550. minuke (890 km), ma ke alanui

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Jackson Hole

Jackson Hole Jackson Hole

ʻO Jackson Hole ka mea nui he awāwa nani hohonu nona ka awelika piʻi ma kahi o 6800 ft., he awelika hohonu ma kahi o 6,350 ft. (1,940 m) a kokoke loa i ka palena o ka paka hema a he 55-mile-lōʻihi (89 km). ) ka loa me ka laula ma kahi o 13 mile (10 a 21 km).  Aia ke awāwa ma ka hikina o ka mauna mauna ʻo Teton, a heʻe ia i lalo a hiki i 30,000 ft. (9,100 m), e hānau ana i ka Teton Fault a me kāna māhoe like i kaha ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao hikina o ke awāwa. ʻO ia ka mea i kapa ʻia ai ka poloka ʻo Jackson Hole ʻo ka pā e kau ana a ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻia ka poloka mauna ʻo Teton ma ke ʻano he pā wāwae. 

ʻO ka ʻāina ʻo Jackson Hole ka hapa nui o ka ʻāina palahalaha me kahi kiʻekiʻe e holo ana mai ka hema a i ka ʻākau. Eia naʻe, kūʻē ka noho ʻana o Blacktail Butte a me nā puʻu e like me Signal mauna i ka wehewehe ʻāina palahalaha o ka pae mauna.

Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike i nā puʻu aniani o ka paka, pono ʻoe e hele i ka hikina hema o ka loko o Jackson. Ma laila ʻoe e ʻike ai i nā niho he nui i kapa ʻia ʻo 'kettles' ma ia wahi. Hānau ʻia kēia mau ipu i ka wā e holoi ʻia ai ka hau i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o ka ʻiliʻili ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana hau a hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o ka niho hou.

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pae mauna ʻo Teton

Aia ka mauna ʻo Teton mai ka ʻākau a i ka hema a piʻi mai ka lepo o ka Jackson Hole. Ua ʻike paha ʻoe ʻo ka pae mauna ʻo Teton ka pae mauna ʻōpio loa i hoʻomohala piha ʻia ma ke kaulahao mauna Pōhaku? Aia ka mauna ma ke komohana kahi e piʻi ʻino ai mai ke awāwa ʻo Jackson Hole e moe ana ma ka hikina akā ʻoi aku ka ʻike ʻana i ke awāwa ʻo Teton ma ke komohana. 

ʻO nā loiloi ʻāina i hana ʻia i kēlā me kēia manawa e hōʻike ana he nui nā ʻōlaʻi i hana ʻia ma ka hewa ʻo Teton ka mea i hoʻoneʻe mālie ʻia ka laulima i kona ʻaoʻao komohana a me ka neʻe ʻana i lalo ma ka ʻaoʻao hikina, me ka awelika o ka neʻe ʻana he hoʻokahi kapuaʻi (30 knm) hiki mai 300 a hiki 400 makahiki.

Nā muliwai a me nā loko

loko o Jackson loko o Jackson

I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka paheʻe ʻana o ka mahana o ka Jackson Hole, ua alakaʻi ia i ka heheʻe wikiwiki o nā glaciers a me ka hoʻokumu ʻana o nā loko i ka ʻāina, a ma waena o kēia mau loko, ʻo ka loko nui loa ʻo Jackson Lake.

Aia ka loko o Jackson ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ke awāwa ma kahi o 24 km ka lōʻihi, 8 km ka laula a ma kahi o 438 ft. (134 m) ka hohonu. Akā ʻo ka mea i hana lima ʻia ʻo ka Jackson Lake Dam i hana ʻia ma kahi pae i hoʻokiʻekiʻe ʻia a hiki i 40 ft. (12 m).

 Aia pū ka ʻāina i ka muliwai Snake kaulana loa (i kapa ʻia ma muli o ke ʻano o ke kahe ʻana) e holo ana mai ka ʻākau a i ka hema, e ʻoki ana i ka paka a komo i ka loko Jackson e kokoke ana i ka palena o Grand Teton National Park. A laila hele ka muliwai i mua e hui i nā wai o ka wai o Jackson Lake a mai ia wahi aku, e hele ana i ka hema e hōʻemi ana i ka Jackson Hole a haʻalele i ka ʻāpana o ka paka no ke komohana o ke kahua mokulele ʻo Jackson Hole.

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Aia ka Statue of Liberty a i ʻole Liberty Enlightening the World ma ka puʻuwai o New York ma kahi mokupuni i kapa ʻia ʻo Liberty Island. E aʻo hou ma Moʻolelo o Statue of Liberty ma New York

ʻO Flora a me Fauna

Flora

? aaoa ? aaoa

ʻO ka ʻāina kahi home o nā ʻano mea kanu vascular ʻoi aku ma mua o hoʻokahi tausani. Ma muli o ka ʻokoʻa o ke kiʻekiʻe o nā mauna, hiki iā ia ke holomua i nā holoholona hihiu ma nā papa like ʻole a hanu i nā ʻāpana kaiaola āpau, ʻo ia hoʻi ka Alpine Tundra a me ka mauna ʻo Rocky Mountain e ʻae ai i ka hua o ke kuʻikahi ma nā ululāʻau i ka wā e ulu ana ma luna o ka moena o ke awāwa. he hui pū ʻana o nā kumu lāʻau coniferous a me nā lāʻau deciduous e hele pū ana me nā pāpū sagebrush e ulu ana ma nā waihona alluvial. ʻO ke kiʻekiʻe ʻokoʻa o nā mauna a ʻo ka ʻokoʻa ʻana o ka mahana he mea nui i ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻano. 

Ma kahi kiʻekiʻe ma kahi o 10,000 ft. aia ma luna pono o ka lāʻau e pua ai ka ʻāina Tundra o ke awāwa ʻo Teton. He ʻāina lāʻau ʻole, he mau kaukani mau ʻano e like me ka moss a me ka lichen, ka mauʻu, ka pua hihiu, a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe i ʻike ʻia a ʻike ʻole ʻia e hanu i ka lepo. Ma ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i kēia, ulu maikaʻi nā lāʻau e like me ka Limber pine, Whitebark, Pine fir a me Engelmann spruce. 

Ma ka ʻāina sub-Alpine, e iho mai ana i ka moena o ke awāwa, loaʻa iā mākou nā spruce uliuli, Douglas fir a me lodgepole pine e noho ana ma ia wahi. Inā ʻoe e neʻe iki i kahakai o nā loko a me ka muliwai, e ʻike ʻoe i ka lāʻau pulupulu, ka willow, ka aspen a me ka alder e ulu ana ma nā ʻāina wai.

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? aaoa

? aaoa ? aaoa

ʻO kekahi o nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi nui o ka Grand Teton National Park, ʻo ia kona kanaonokūmākahi mau ʻano holoholona like ʻole e hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma nā wahi ākea. Aia kēia mau ʻano i ka ʻīlio hae hina i ʻike ʻia ua holoi ʻia i ka makahiki 1900 akā ua hoʻi hou i ka ʻāina mai Yellowstone National Park ma hope o ka hoʻihoʻi ʻia ʻana i laila. 

ʻO nā hana maʻamau ʻē aʻe ma ka paka no nā mākaʻikaʻi he mea nani loa ia muliwai otter, ka ʻeke, ka marten a me ka coyote kaulana loa. Ma waho aʻe o kēia mau mea, he mau mea laʻa ʻē aʻe he chipmunk, marmot ʻōpū melemele, porcupines, pika, squirrels, beavers, muskrat a me ʻeono ʻano ʻōpeʻapeʻa. No nā mammals ʻoi aku ka nui, loaʻa iā mākou ka elk i kēia manawa i nā kaukani ma ka ʻāina. 

Inā makemake ʻoe i ka nānā manu a makemake ʻoe i ka ʻike a me ka nānā ʻana i nā manu, a laila e lilo kēia wahi i mea hoʻokipa maikaʻi loa no ka mea ma kahi o 300 mau ʻano manu ʻē aʻe e ʻike mau ʻia ma ʻaneʻi a ʻo ia hoʻi ka calliope hummingbird, ka pū kani, ka merganser maʻamau, harlequin duck, manu nūnū ʻAmelika a me ka ʻēheu uliuli.

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ʻO ka home i ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻehā haneli mau paka ʻāina i hoʻolaha ʻia ma kāna mau mokuʻāina he kanalima, ʻaʻohe papa inoa e hōʻike ana i nā paka kupanaha loa ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. E heluhelu hou ma Alakaʻi huakaʻi i nā National Parks kaulana ma USA


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